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=INVESTIGATION 1: CREATING A SHELL SCRIPT=
<span style="color:red;">'''ATTENTION''': Depending on your ULI101 instructor, you may be required to complete this tutorial for '''marks''' in this course.<br>Please refer to your instructor's course notes and lecture notes regarding evaluation for this course.<br><br>The due date for successfully completing this tutorial (i.e. '''tutorial 10''') is by '''Friday by midnight''' next week (i.e. '''Week 10''').<br>If your instructor has NOT assigned marks for completing this tutorial, you can perform it for '''practice'''.</span><br><br> 
In this investigation, you will learn how to create and run a '''Bash Shell script'''.
# Issue the following linux command to '''add'''<br>execute permissions for your shell script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">chmod u+x hello</span><br><br>
# Issue the following to run your shell script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">./hello</span><br><br>Did your shell script run?<br><br><span style="color:red;">'''ATTENTION:''' Students might get FRUSTRATED when performing their '''assignment 3''' when their Bash shell scripts have errors.<br>One major cause is the the OUTPUT of their Bash shell script when run does not '''EXACTLY match''' the required output<br>for the '''correct''' Bash shell script.<br><br>This requires that you CAREFULLY '''read''' the requirements of your Bash shell script and create it to the EXACT specifications</span><br><br>
# Issue the following Linux command to run a checking script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">bash /home/murray.saul/myscripts~uli101/week10-check-1</span><br><br>
# If you encounter errors, make corrections and '''re-run''' the checking script until you<br>receive a congratulations message, then you can proceed.<br><br>
::In the next investigation, you will learn to create and run shell scripts that<br >use '''variables''', '''positional''' and '''special parameters'''. You will also learn how to<br><u>add</u> a '''she-bang line''' at the top of a shell script to force it to run in a specified shell.<br><br>Proceed to the next investigation.<br><br>
# Exit your Matrix session, and log back into your Matrix session.<br><br>
# Re-run the '''hello.bash''' shell script by just using the name.<br><br>What did you notice?<br><br>The setting of the '''PATH''' environment variable only worked in the current session only.<br>If you exit the current Matrix session, then the recently changed settings for environment variables will be lost.<br>You will in a <u>future</u> tutorial how to set environment variables in '''start-up''' files.<br><br><span style="color:red;">'''ATTENTION:''' Students might get FRUSTRATED when performing their '''assignment 3''' when their Bash shell scripts have errors.<br>One major cause is the the OUTPUT of their Bash shell script when run does not '''EXACTLY match''' the required output<br>for the '''correct''' Bash shell script.<br><br>This requires that you CAREFULLY '''read''' the requirements of your Bash shell script and create it to the EXACT specifications</span>.<br><br>
# Issue the following Linux command to run a checking script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">bash /home/murray.saul/myscripts~uli101/week10-check-2 | more</span><br><br>If you encounter errors, make corrections and '''re-run''' the checking script until you<br>receive a congratulations message, then you can proceed.<br><br>Unlike '''Environment variables''' that are used to set the environment of the shell or shell scripts,<br>'''User-created''' variables are "customized" that the user can set or allow a user to set the variables' values.<br>Let's create a Bash shell script that contain '''user-created variables'''.<br><br>
# Use a text editor to create a Bash shell script called '''user-variables.bash'''<br><br>
# Add the following lines to the beginning of the ''user-variables.bash'' file:<br><span style="font-family:courier;font-weight:bold;">#!/bin/bash<br>read -p "Enter your Full Name: " name<br>read -p "Enter your age (in years): " age<br>echo "Hello $name - You are $age years old"</span><br><br>
# Issue the '''chmod''' command to add execute permissions<br>for the user for the '''dog-years.bash''' file.<br><br>
# Issue the following to run the '''user-variables.bash''' Bash shell script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">./dog-years.bash</span><br><br>Enter <u>your</u> age to see what happens.<br><br>
# Issue the following to run a checking script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">bash /home/murray.saul/myscripts~uli101/week10-check-3 | more</span><br><br>If you encounter errors, make corrections and '''re-run''' the checking script until you<br>receive a congratulations message, then you can proceed.<br><br>
:In the next investigation, you will use '''control-flow statements''' to allow your shell scripts<br>to perform differently under different situations.<br><br>
# Issue the following Linux command to add execute permissions for your shell script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">chmod u+x for-2.bash</span><br><br>[[Image:for-2.png|thumb|right|175px|Output of a shell script using the '''for''' loop <u>without</u> a '''list'''.]]
# Run your shell script by issuing:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">./for-2.bash 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1</span><br><br>How does this differ from the previous shell script?<br>You will learn in a couple of weeks more examples of using loop statements.<br><br>Let's run a '''checking-script''' to confirm that both your '''for-1.bash''' and '''for-2.bash'''<br><br>
# Issue the following Linux command to run a checking script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">bash /home/murray.saul/myscripts~uli101/week10-check-4 | more</span><br><br>If you encounter errors, make corrections and '''re-run''' the checking script until you<br>receive a congratulations message, then you can proceed.<br><br>
# After you complete the Review Questions sections to get additional practice, then work on your '''online assignment 3''',<br>'''sections 2 and 3''' labelled '''Interactive Shell Environment''' and '''Introduction To Scripting (phone)'''.<br><br>
if [ $((x % 2)) -eq 0 ]
then
echo "this" else echo "that" fi
done
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