Changes

Jump to: navigation, search

Tutorial11: Sed & Awk Utilities

No change in size, 17 March
INVESTIGATION 1: USING THE SED UTILITY
# Issue a Linux command to create a directory called '''sed'''<br><br>
# Issue a Linux command to <u>change</u> to the '''sed''' directory and confirm that you are located in the '''sed''' directory.<br><br>
# Issue the following linux Linux command to download the data.txt file<br>('''copy and paste''' to save time):<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">wget <nowiki>https://ict.senecacollege.ca/~murray.saul/uli101/data.txt</nowiki></span><br><br>
# Issue the '''more''' command to quickly view the contents of the '''data.txt''' file.<br>When finished, exit the more command by pressing the letter <span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">q</span>[[Image:sed-1.png|thumb|right|300px|Issuing the '''p''' instruction without using the '''-n''' option (to suppress original output) will display lines twice.]]<br><br>The '''p''' instruction with the '''sed''' command is used to<br>'''print''' (i.e. ''display'') the contents of a text file.<br><br>
# Issue the following linux Linux command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed 'p' data.txt</span><br><br>'''NOTE: You should notice that each line appears twice'''.<br><br>The reason why standard output appears twice is that the sed command<br>(without the '''-n option''') displays all lines regardless of an address used.<br><br>We will use '''pipeline commands''' to both display stdout to the screen and save to files<br>for <u>confirmation</u> of running these pipeline commands when run a '''checking-script''' later in this investigation.<br><br># Issue the following linux Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed -n 'p' data.txt | tee sed-1.txt</span><br><br>What do you notice? You should see only one line.<br><br>You can specify an address (''line #'', '''line #s''' or range of '''line #s''') when using the sed utility.<br><br># Issue the following linux Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed -n '1 p' data.txt | tee sed-2.txt</span><br><br>You should see the first line of the text file displayed.<br><br>[[Image:sed-2.png|thumb|right|500px|Using the sed command to display a '''range''' of lines.]]# Issue the following linux Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed -n '2,5 p' data.txt | tee sed-3.txt</span><br><br>What is displayed? How would you modify the sed command to display the line range 10 to 50?<br><br>The '''s''' instruction is used to '''substitute''' text<br>(a similar to method was demonstrated in the vi editor in tutorial 9).<br><br># Issue the following linux Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed '2,5 s/TUTORIAL/LESSON/g' data.txt | tee sed-4.txt | more</span><br><br>What do you notice? View the original contents of lines 2 to 5 in the '''data.txt''' file<br>in another shell to confirm that the substitution occurred.<br><br>[[Image:sed-3.png|thumb|right|500px|Using the sed command with the '''-q''' option to display up to a line number, then quit.]]The '''q''' instruction terminates or '''quits''' the execution of the sed utility as soon as it is read in a particular line or matching pattern.<br><br># Issue the following linux Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed '11 q' data.txt | tee sed-5.txt</span><br><br>What did you notice?<br><br><br>You can use regular expressions to select lines that match a pattern.<br>The rules remain the same for using regular expressions as demonstrated<br>in tutorial9 except the regular expression must be contained<br>within '''delimiters''' such as the forward slash "/" when using the sed utility.<br><br>[[Image:sed-4.png|thumb|right|400px|Using the sed command using regular expressions with '''anchors'''.]]# Issue the following linux Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed -n '/^The/ p' data.txt | tee sed-6.txt</span><br><br>What do you notice?<br><br># Issue the following linux Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed -n '/d$/ p' data.txt | tee sed-7.txt</span><br><br>What do you notice?<br><br>The '''sed''' utility can also be used as a '''filter''' to manipulate text that<br>was generated from linux Linux commands.<br><br>[[Image:sed-5.png|thumb|right|400px|Using the sed command with '''pipeline''' commands.]]# Issue the following linux Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">who | sed -n '/^[a-m]/ p' | tee sed-8.txt | more</span><br><br>What did you notice?<br><br># Issue the following linux Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">ls | sed -n '/txt$/ p' | tee sed-9.txt</span><br><br>What did you notice?<br><br>
# Issue the following to run a checking script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">bash /home/murray.saul/myscripts/week11-check-1</span><br><br>If you encounter errors, make corrections and '''re-run''' the checking script<br>until you receive a congratulations message, then you can proceed.<br><br>
13,017
edits

Navigation menu