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Tutorial10: Shell Scripting - Part 1

170 bytes added, 16 March
INVESTIGATION 2: SHE-BANG LINE / VARIABLES / PARAMETERS
# '''Insert''' the following lines immediately <u>'''below'''</u> the '''she-bang''' line:<br><span style="font-family:courier;font-weight:bold;">age=25<br>readonly age</span><br><br>
# Save your editing changes and exit your text editor.<br><br>[[Image:user-variable2.png|thumb|right|330px|Trying to change the value of a '''read-only''' variable'''.]]
# Issue the following to run the user-variables.bash Bash shell script:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">./user-variables.bash</span><br><br>What do you notice when you try to change the age variable? Why?<br><br>A '''positional parameter''' is a special variable within a shell program; its value is set from '''arguments''' contained in a shell script or using the set command.<br>Let's use '''positional parameters''' and '''special parameters''' in a Bash shell script.<br><br>
# Use a text editor to create a file called '''parameters.bash'''<br><br>
# Add the following lines to the beginning of this file:<br><span style="font-family:courier;font-weight:bold;">#!/bin/bash<br>echo \$0: $0<br>echo \$2: $2<br>echo \$3: $3<br><br>echo \$#: $#<br>echo \$*: $*<br><br>shift 2<br>echo \$#: $#<br>echo \$*: $*</span><br><br>
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