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Tutorial10: Shell Scripting - Part 1

22 bytes added, 16 March
# Use a text editor to '''edit''' the '''hello''' shell script that you created in the <u>previous</u> investigation.<br><br>
# Add the following line to the <u>bottom</u> of the file ('''copy''' and '''paste''' to prevent ''errors''):<br><span style="font-family:courier;font-weight:bold;">echo "The current shell you are using is: $(ps -o cmd= -p $$|cut -d' ' -f1)"</span><br><br>'''FYI:''' This command displays the '''name''' of the ''shell'' that the shell script is running in.<br>The command within <span style="font-family:courier;font-weight:bold;">$( )</span> uses a technique known as '''command substitution'''.<br><br>
# Issue the following Linux command to change to an older shell called the '''Bourne Shell''':<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sh</span><br><br>You should notice your '''shell prompt changed''' which indicates<br>that you are in a different shell.<br><br>[[Image:hello2.png|thumb|right|275px|Changing the Bourne shell and running shell script '''without''' a '''She-bang''' line.]]
# Issue the following Linux command to run your shell script in the ''Bourne Shell'':<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">./hello</span><br><br>You should see that you are currently running the shell script "'''sh'''"<br>which represents the '''Bourne shell'''.<br><br>'''NOTE:''' Due to the fact that shells (and their features) have '''evolved''' over a period of time,<br>an error may occur if you include a '''NEWER shell feature''' (e.g. ''Bash Shell'') but run it in an '''OLDER shell''' (For example: the ''Bourne Shell'').<br><br>[[Image:she-bang-1.png|thumb|right|275px|Adding a '''she-bang line''' at the BEGINNING of the first line in you shell script forces the shell script to be run in that specific shell (in this case, the Bash shell).]]You can add a '''special comment''' called a '''she-bang line''' at the BEGINNING of the <u>FIRST line</u> of your shell script to '''force''' it to run in the shell you want (for example: the Bash shell).<br><br>
# Edit your '''hello''' shell script using a text editor.<br><br>

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