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Tutorial10: Shell Scripting - Part 1

55 bytes removed, 16 March
# '''Login''' to your matrix account.<br><br>
# Issue a command to '''confirm''' you are located in your '''home''' directory.<br><br>We want to create a Bash Shell script to welcome the user by their ''username''.<br>Let's first look at selecting an appropriate filename for your shell script.<br><br>
# Issue the following linux command to check if your intended shell script namethe filename hello<br>is already exists to be run automatically from the Bash shellas a command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">which hello</span><br><br>You should notice that there is no output and therefore, this shell script name CAN be used.<br><br>[[Image:hello0.png|thumb|right|200px|Using a '''text editor''' to add Linux commands in to the '''hello''' shell script.]]
# Use a '''text editor''' like '''vi''' or '''nano''' to create the text file called '''hello'''<br><br>
# Enter the following two lines in your shell script, replacing "your-username" with your actual name:<br><span style="font-family:courier;font-weight:bold;">echo<br>echo "Hello $USER"<br>echo</span><br><br>'''NOTE:''' The variable called '''USER''' is an '''environment variable''' that contains the <u>current</u> user's login name. If you wanted to share your shell script with other users, when they run the shell script, they will greeted by <u>their</u> username. ''Environment variables'' make your shell script adaptable by ALL users.<br><br>

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