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Tutorial9: Regular Expressions

10 bytes added, 13 March
INVESTIGATION 2: EXTENDED REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
# Reissue the previous pipeline command with the word the followed by a '''space''' within the brackets:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">egrep -i "(the ){2,}" words.dat | tee word-search2.txt</span><br><br>[[Image:eregexps-3.png|thumb|right|330px|Using '''extended''' regular expression symbols (such as '''grouping''') to refine matches of repetition of '''words''' (as opposed to ''characters'').]]The <span style="font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">"|"</span> (or) symbol (same symbol as "pipe") can be used within the grouping symbols to allow matching of additional groups of characters.<br>Again, it is important to follow the character groupings with the space character<br><br>
# Issue the following linux pipeline command to search for '''two or more occurrences''' of the word "'''the '''" <u>or</u> '''two or more occurrences''' of the word "'''and '''":<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">egrep -i "(the |and ){2,}" words.dat | tee word-search3.txt</span><br><br>
# Issue the following Linux command to check that you correctly issued<br>those ''Linux pipeline commands'' using the '''tee''' command to create those text files:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">bash /home/murray.saul/myscripts/week9-check-3</span><br><br>If you encounter errors, then view the feedback to make corrections, and then re-run the checking script.<br>If you receive a congratulation message that there are no errors, then proceed with this tutorial.<br><br>Let's issue a Linux '''pipeline''' command using the '''egrep''' command as a '''filter''' <br>using <u>both </u> '''complex''' and '''extended''' regular expressions.<br><br>
# Issue the following Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">ls | egrep "[a-z]{1,}.*[0-9]"</span><br><br>What did this Linux pipeline command display?<br><br>
: The '''grep''' and '''egrep''' Linux commands are NOT the only Linux commands that use regular expressions.<br>In the next investigation, you will apply regular expressions to a number of Linux commands<br>that you already learned in this course.
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