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Tutorial10: Shell Scripting - Part 1

3 bytes removed, 11 March
# Issue the following Linux command to run your shell script in the ''Bourne Shell'':<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">./hello</span><br><br>You should see that you are currently running the shell script "'''sh'''"<br>which represents the '''Bourne shell'''.<br><br>'''NOTE:''' Due to the fact that shells (and their features) have '''evolved''' over a period of time,<br>an error may occur if you include a '''NEWER shell feature''' (e.g. ''Bash Shell'') but run it in an '''OLDER shell''' (For example: the ''Bourne Shell'').<br><br>[[Image:she-bang-1.png|thumb|right|275px|Adding a '''she-bang line''' at the BEGINNING of the first line in you shell script forces the shell script to be run in that specific shell (in this case, the Bash shell).]]You can add a '''special comment''' called a '''she-bang line''' at the BEGINNING of the <u>FIRST line</u> of your shell script to<br>'''force''' it to run in the shell you want (for example: the Bash shell).<br><br>
# Edit your '''hello''' shell script using a text editor.<br><br>
# '''Insert''' the following line at the '''beginning''' of the '''first''' line of your hello file:<br><span style="font-family:courier;font-weight:bold;">#!/bin/bash</span><br><br>This is referred to as a '''she-bang line'''. It forces this script to be run in the '''Bash Shell'''.<br>When your Bash Shell script finishes execution, you are returned to your current shell that you are using<br>(which in our case in Matrix, is still the Bash shell).<br><br>[[Image:hello3.png|thumb|right|275px|Changing the Bourne shell and running shell script '''with''' a '''She-bang''' line (forcing script to run in the '''Bash''' shell).]]
# '''Save''' your editing changes and '''exit''' your text editor.<br><br>
# While in the Bourne shell, issue the following Linux command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">./hello</span><br><br>You should notice that the shell name is running in the '''Bash shell'''.<br><br>

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