Permissions for Directory files have a different meaning than permissions for regular files. Refer to the diagrams to the right to see the explanation of permissions and how they differ between a directory and a regular file. A symbol ''dash'' "'''-'''" indicates that the permission has '''NOT''' been granted.
The permissions of '''newly-created''' directories and regular files are automatically assigned via a '''user mask''' (we will discuss this shortly). In order to change permissions for directories and regular files, you would use the '''chmod''' command.