→Creating and executing Threads
===Creating and executing Threads===
Inside a declared OpenMp parallel region, if not specified via an environment variable OMP_NUM_THREADS or the library routine omp_get_thread_num() , OpenMp will automatically decide how many threads are needed to execute parallel code.
An issue with this approach is that OpenMp is unaware how many threads a CPU can support. A result of this can be OpenMp creating 4 threads for a single core processor which may result in a degradation of performance.
C++ 11 Threads on the contrary always required to specify the number of threads required for a parallel region. If not specified by user input or hard-coding, the number of threads supported by a CPU can also be accurately via the std::thread::hardware_concurrency(); function.
OpenMp automatically decides what order threads will execute. C++ 11 Threads require the developer to specify in what order threads will execute. This is typically done within a for loop block. Threads are created by initializing the std::thread class and specifying a function or any other callable object within the constructor.