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OPS235 Lab 7

373 bytes added, 11:13, 2 November 2016
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:'''Perform the following steps:'''
# Launch your '''c7host machine ''' and '''ALL of your VMs'''.
# Switch to your '''c7host''' VM.
# Create a file in your current directory of your c7host machine with some text in it called: '''myfile.txt'''# Issue the following command (using your Matrix login id):<br><b><code><span style="color:#3366CC;font-size:1.2em;">scp &nbsp; myfile.txt &nbsp;</span></code></b> and enter <br>(followed by your Matrix password. )<br>What did this command do?# Issue the following single command (arguments are separated by a space - use your Matrix login id):<br><b><code><span style="color:#3366CC;font-size:1.2em;">ssh &nbsp; myfile.txt &nbsp; ls /home/yourmatrixid/myfile.txt</span></code></b><br>(followed by your Matrix password)<br>What did this command do? <br>Issue the following Linux command:<br><b><code><span style="color:#3366CC;font-size:1.2em;">ssh &nbsp; &nbsp; cat /home/yourmatrixid/myfile.txt</span></code></b><br>How does it do these commands differ from using issuing the ssh command without the ls or cat command? How is this useful?<br><br>The client ssh application contains the utlities: '''ssh''', '''scp''' and '''sftp''' (learned in ULI101) to connect to remote Linux servers in order to issue commands or transfer files between Linux servers. You can install the SSH service on your Linux server, although this has already been performed upon installation. We will now confirm that the ssh service is running on all of your VMs.<br><br>
# OpenSSH should have been installed by default. Let's confirm this by issuing the command:<br /> <b><code><span style="color:#3366CC;font-size:1.2em;">rpm -qa | grep ssh</span></code></b>
# You should see a number of packages installed including <b>openssh-clients</b> and <b>openssh-server</b>
# <b><code><span style="color:#3366CC;font-size:1.2em;">The '''openssh-server</span></code></b> ''' package installs a service called '''sshd'''. Confirm # Login as '''root''' and confirm that this service is running by issuing the command:<br /><b><code><span style="color:#3366CC;font-size:1.2em;">systemctl status sshd</span></code></b><ol><li value="910">Now that you know the service is running, investigate what '''port number''' and '''protocol''' sshd uses by issuing the command:<br /><b><code><span style="color:#3366CC;font-size:1.2em;">netstat -atunp | grep sshdmore</span></code></b><br>What protocol and port is the sshd process using? What is the state of the port? Why would you think that UDP ports don't have a state?</li>
<li>Reissue the <b><code><span style="color:#3366CC;font-size:1.2em;">netstat</span></code></b> command without the '''-n''' option. What is the difference?</li>
<li>You can refer to the '''/etc/services''' file in order to determine a port number for a service. Issue the following command to confirm that port 22 is associated with ssh:<br><b><code><span style="color:#3366CC;font-size:1.2em;">grep ssh /etc/services</span></code></b>
<li>Make sure the '''sshd''' service is running on '''all 3 of your VM's'''</li>
<li>Remember that you can view the '''/etc/services''' file in case you need to reference a service with a corresponding port number.</li>

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