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Tutorial11: Sed & Awk Utilities

72 bytes added, 17 March
INVESTIGATION 1: USING THE SED UTILITY
# Issue the following Linux command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed 'p' data.txt</span><br><br>'''NOTE: You should notice that each line appears twice'''.<br><br>The reason why standard output appears twice is that the sed command<br>(without the '''-n option''') displays all lines regardless of an address used.<br><br>We will use '''pipeline commands''' to both display stdout to the screen and save to files<br>for <u>confirmation</u> of running these pipeline commands when run a '''checking-script''' later in this investigation.<br><br>
# Issue the following Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed -n 'p' data.txt | tee sed-1.txt</span><br><br>What do you notice? You should see only one line.<br><br>You can specify an '''address''' to display lines using the sed utility<br>(eg. ''line #'', '''line #s''' or range of '''line #s''').<br><br>
# Issue the following Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed -n '1 p' data.txt | tee sed-2.txt</span><br><br>You should see the first line of the text file displayed.<br>What other command is used to only display the first line in a file?<br><br>[[Image:sed-2.png|thumb|right|500px|Using the sed command to display a '''range''' of lines.]]
# Issue the following Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed -n '2,5 p' data.txt | tee sed-3.txt</span><br><br>What is displayed? How would you modify the sed command to display the line range 10 to 50?<br><br>The '''s''' instruction is used to '''substitute''' text<br>(a similar to method was demonstrated in the vi editor in tutorial 9).<br><br>
# Issue the following Linux pipeline command:<br><span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;font-family:courier;">sed '2,5 s/TUTORIAL/LESSON/g' data.txt | tee sed-4.txt | more</span><br><br>What do you notice? View the original contents of lines 2 to 5 in the '''data.txt''' file<br>in another shell to confirm that the substitution occurred.<br><br>[[Image:sed-3.png|thumb|right|500px|Using the sed command with the '''-q''' option to display up to a line number, then quit.]]The '''q''' instruction terminates or '''quits''' the execution of the sed utility as soon as it is read in a particular line or matching pattern.<br><br>
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