OPS335 Samba Lab

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Revision as of 16:37, 15 November 2012 by Peter.callaghan (talk | contribs) (Using smbclient)
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Samba - A Windows SMB/CIFS fileserver for UNIX

Configuring a Samba Server on Linux

  • On your host F16 system install Samba
 yum install samba samba-client
  • Create a backup of the file /etc/samba/smb.conf, and create a new one that includes the following:
workgroup = <yourlearnid>.org 
server string = "put your real name here without the quotes"
encrypt passwords = yes
smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
hosts allow = 142.204.141.
; note: the above line will allow access from the Seneca domain in lab T2107 
comment = "put your real name here without the quotes"
path = /home/<learnid>
valid users = <learnid>
; remember <learnid> is your learnid account name
public = no
writable = yes
printable = no
create mask = 0765
  • Create a Samba password for user <learnid> with the command
smbpasswd -a <learnid>
  • Confirm the user you created has been added using the following command
pdbedit -L -v
  • You can change a user's password by using the command
smbpasswd <learnid/username>
  • Test your configuration with the command
  • You can now start your Samba server
systemctl start smb.service
  • Ensure your server starts at boot.
  • You will need to determine which ports you need to open to allow connections to your server.
  • Test if you have a connection with the command
smbclient -U <learnid> -L f16
  • If the previous command worked, try the connection from one of your VM's. You can view all available shares with the follow command:
smbclient -U <learnid> -L f16

Connecting to a Linux SMB Server from a Linux Client

There are many ways that a Linux client can connect to an SMB server.

Using smbclient

  • Install samba-client on your vm01
  • From vm01 use the "smbclient" command in a terminal window.
smbclient '\\f16\home' -U <learnid>
  • After entering your password you should get a prompt similar to
smb: \>
  • Enter the ls command to see a list of the files in your home directory - you may receive the following error.
smb: \> ls
  • SE Linux should be in Enforcing and will need to be adjusted for this to work. Check the available booleans or your logs.
  • Use the get and put commands (similar to ftp) to move files.
  • When you are finished close the connection.

Using 'mount -t cifs'

  • The next way is to use the mount command.
  • Use the mount command on vm01 to mount your home directory
mkdir /tmp/f16-home
mount -t cifs //f16/home /tmp/f16-home -o username=<learnid>
ls /tmp/f16-home

Using Nautilus to browse Samba shares

  • Use the "Places" menu from a Gnome desktop on vm01.
  • From the "Places" menu at the top of your screen, select "Network" and wait until the network scan completes.
    • Then click on the Windows Network > Select your Domain name > enter your credentials.

Using a browser

  • You can also use a web browser with support for the SMB protocol such as Konqueror.
  • If Konqueror is not installed then install it with the command:
yum install kdebase
  • Start Konqueror, the web/file browser, and in the address bar enter the follwing
  • Use the browser and attempt to drag and drop your files to and from your Desktop.
  • Close Konqueror.

Connecting to a Linux SMB Server from a Windows Client (Windows 7)

  • Power up a Windows 7 system in the lab and login using your LEARN username and password.
  • Open up Explorer and Right click on Computer > Map network drive.. > Select a Drive Letter and '\\<ip-address-of-f16-host>\home' > you will then be asked for your username and password.
  • You should now be able to browser, drag and drop your files to and from the Windows machine.

Completing the Lab

Answer the following questions

  1. Explain how you connected to your SMB server on Linux from a Windows PC. List exactly what you had to do on the Windows PC to test your Linux server.
  2. What is the purpose of the testparm command?
  3. What is the purpose of the smbclient command?
  4. What does SMB stand for? CIFS?
  5. What does the text inside square brackets in the smb.conf file mean? (e.g., "[homes]").
  6. Explain the meaning of the line "create mask = 0765" in the smb.conf file?
  7. What does the smbpasswd command do?
  8. What was the exact mount command that you used in the last step of the lab?