Continuous Integration Project - Mercurial
Introductions & Tutorials
- Main website @ http://mercurial.selenic.com/
- Mozilla Mercurial @ https://wiki.mozilla.org/Mercurial_on_Windows
- compare version control tools 
- Understanding Mercurial @ http://mercurial.selenic.com/wiki/UnderstandingMercurial
- Tutorial-wiki @ http://mercurial.selenic.com/wiki/Tutorial
- Good Blog about Mercurial
Mercurial on Eclipse
- The Definitive Guide, is a documentation for hg (PDF or Html).
- TortoiseHg Documentation 
- Creating a Version Control Repository 
- Mozilla Mercurial 
- Some Basic Terms (from The Definitive Guide)
- 1- The .hg directory is the “real” repository, and all of the files and directories that coexist with it are said to live in the working directory.
- An easy way to remember the distinction is that the repository contains the history of your project, while the working directory contains a snapshot of your project at a particular point in history.
- 2- The hg log command gives us a view of the history of changes in the repository. By default, this command prints a brief paragraph of output for each change to the project that was recorded.
- Each of these recorded events are called a changeset, because it can contain a record of changes to several files. Changeset is also referred to aschange,cset,revision or rev.
- 3- Changeset field has the format of a number (identifier, which is only valid in that repository) followed by a colon, followed by a hexadecimal (or hex) string. These are identifiers for the changeset.
- The hex string is a unique identifier: the same hex string will always refer to the same changeset in every copy of this repository. The number is shorter and easier to type than the hex string, but it isn't unique: the same number in two different clones of a repository may identify different changesets. changeset: 0:0a04b987be5a
- 4- Mercurial uses revision numbers purely as a convenient shorthand. If you need to discuss a changeset with someone, or make a record of a changeset for some other reason (for example, in a bug report), use the hexadecimal identifier.
- 5- Some changesets, have a tag field. A tag is another way to identify a changeset, by giving it an easy-to-remember name. tag: tip
- 6- To get the changeset id of the tipmost changeset of a remote repository you can do: When it changes, you have new changesets in the remote repository.
> hg id -i -r tip http://www.selenic.com/repo/hello [[[link-to-a-page]]] [url=http://example.com]Example[/url] 82e55d328c8c
- Clone a remote repository
hg clone http://domain:port/postgreSQL NexJExpress/work/ws
- Branch & Merge 
- To create a new branch:
hg branch ws
- Then commit it:
hg ci -m 'added branch ws'
- To see all branches:
- To switch between branches:
hg update ws
- To clone a branch to local directory:
hg clone -b ws work workCopy/work
- After commit a change to the copy of code, just push it
hg push, it will be pushed to ws branch in main repository
- In main repository if you want to merge these 2 branches first see how many heads you have
- Then merge with the revision of the branch you want to merge with:
hg merge -r 3
- Don't forget to commit this merge!
- -To create a branch in the working directory and then pushed it to the main remote repo:
hg branch ws
hg ci -m 'created a new branch'
hg push --new-branch
- To start a web server of a specific repository, do:
hg serve --port 8000and open the domain name with port number in a browser, or right click on the folder and use TortoiseHg Web Server option.
- using templates for getting customized output
- Remote Repository
- to Clone a remote repository:
hg clone http://domain:port/postgreSQL NexJExpress/work/ws //or use ssh hg clone ssh://domain/mercurial/postgreSQL // hard links was used to create a link to the main repo located at domain -D:\mercurial\postgreSQL
- possible Errors
- -I get an error while cloning a remote repository via ssh
- If your remote repository is cloned thusly
- And, you find that after successful ssh authentication you get the error message remote: abort: repository path/to/repo not found! , then you need to know the following:
- Mercurial's remote repository syntax differs from syntax of other well known programs such as rsync, cvs - both of which use a : character to delimit USER@REMOTE from the path component (/path/to/repo).
- The path to the remote repository is relative to $HOME of USER. i.e., it is ~USER/path/to/repo .
- Remember to use hg -v clone ssh://USER@REMOTE/path/to/repo and observe the remote command being executed via the ssh channel
- On the other hand, if the error message is remote: bash: line 1: hg: command not found, the problem is that the environment used by ssh does not have hg in its PATH. There are two ways to deal with this problem:
- In your ~/.hgrc file, set a remotecmd value in the [ui] section giving the exact path to hg.
- On the server, create a ~/.ssh/environment file that defines an appropriate PATH, and add PermitUserEnvironment yes to /etc/sshd_config.
- -I get an "ssl required" error message when trying to push changes
- That's because allowing anonymous, unauthenticated HTTP clients to push changes into your repository would be a huge security hole. If you are on a private network and you know that all HTTP clients are trustworthy, you can add
[web] push_ssl = false
to .hg/hgrc on the server-side repository. (See also HgWebDirStepByStep.) There's a reason for requiring SSL, however. If you do not trust the network you are using do not change this.